Dongdaemun Design Plaza, Korea Building, DDP Project, Photos, News, Design
Dongdaemun Design Plaza Korea
DDP: Seoul Building Development design by Zaha Hadid Architects
updated 13 Jan 2021 + 3 Apr 2016
DDP Seoul building:
24 Mar 2014
Dongdaemun Design Plaza
Zaha Hadid Korean Building
Design: Zaha Hadid Architects
DDP is the first public project in Korea to utilize the 3-Dimensional Building Information Modelling (BIM) and other digital tools in construction. Throughout the Dongdaemun Design Plaza design process, every building requirement was considered as a set of inter-related spatial relationships which will define the social interactions and behavioural structure in/around the project. These relationships became the framework of the design, defining how different aspects of the project, such as spatial organization, programmatic requirements, and engineering come together.
With parametric building information modelling software and design computation, ZHA were able to continually test and adapt the design to the ever-evolving client’s brief as well as integrate engineering and construction requirements. These technologies helped to maintain the original design aspiration throughout the construction of Dongdaemun Design Plaza.
It also streamlined the architectural design process and coordination with consultants. The parametric modelling process not only improved the efficiency of workflow, but also helped to make the most informed design decisions within a very compressed project period; ensuring DDP’s success throughout life-span.
In construction, the benefits of using the parametric modelling techniques are apparent. The digital design model could be refined at any time throughout the design and construction to accommodate additional onsite conditions, local regulations, engineering requirements and cost controls. The Dongdaemun Design Plaza team led by Zaha Hadid were able to have greater control of the design and details, with much greater precision than a conventional construction process; giving the client and the contractors a much better understanding and control of the project.
The DDP façade cladding system is an exemplary result of such a process. Construction the exterior envelope of DDP was a challenge as the cladding system consists of over 45,000 panels in various sizes and degrees of curvature. This was made possible by the use of parametric modelling with an advanced metal-forming and fabrication process to develop a mass-customization system. Parametric modelling enabled the cladding system to be designed and engineered with much greater cost and quality control. Throughout the construction process, the cladding model was adjusted to incorporate various engineering, fabrication, and cost controls while maintaining the integrity of the original design.
The completed façade incorporates a field of pixilation and perforation patterns, which creates dynamic visual effect depending on the lighting conditions and seasonal changes. It will take on different characters as the external condition changes. Sometimes, it will look as a singular entity; sometimes, it blends with the surrounding landscape as part of the complete ensemble of Dongdaemun. At night, the building will reflect all the LED lights and neon signs of the surrounding buildings. With the interplay of the built-in façade lighting, the building’s appearance will be animated and take on the characteristics of its unique urban settings.
The client’s vision must be congratulated. The DDP design shows a commitment to preserve the site’s history and integrate the newly discovered history in an architectural landscape that revolves around the ancient city wall and historical artefacts – which form the central element of the composition. This external landscape transforms Seoul into a greener city, while voids and folds in its surface offers glimpses into innovative world of design below; making DDP an important link between the city’s contemporary culture, historic artefacts and emerging nature.
DDP continues Korea’s architectural and engineering traditions at the forefront of technology. DDP is a built demonstration and celebration of the skills and passion of the team who helped to bring this fantastic building to life.
Dongdaemun Design Plaza – Building Information
Client: Seoul Metropolitan Government
Venue Operations & Management: Seoul Design Foundation
Location: 281 Euljiro, Jung-gu, Seoul, Korea 100-197
Parking: Car park spaces: Underground Parking (300 Bays)
Site Area: 65,000 m2
Construction Floor Area: 86,574 m2
General Building Dimensions: 188m (W) X 280 (L) X 34 m (H)
Floor Levels Above ground: 4 Levels
Underground: 4 Levels
Design Park Area: 38,000 m2
Façade Cladding Surface Area: 30,000 m2
Façade Cladding Panel Number: 45,133 pieces (50% double curved; 30% single curved; 20% cold-bended and flat)
Materials (Exterior): Fair-faced Concrete, Aluminum, Steel, and Stone
Materials (Interior): Glass fiber Reinforce Gypsum, Acoustic Gypsum, Solid Acrylic Panel, Stainless Steel, and polished stone.
Main Steel Structural Span: Central Span – 50m
Façade Structure: Double layer space frame and single layer rigid frame
Surface Area of Exposed Concrete: 21,000 m2
Architectural Design: Zaha Hadid Architects
Local Design Institute: Samoo Architects & Engineers
Project Management (On Behalf of the City Government): Kuwon Engineering, Heerim Architects & Engineers GTS
Site supervision: Zaha Hadid Architects and Samoo Architects & Engineers
Contractor: Samsung Construction
Dongdaemun Design Plaza by Zaha Hadid Architects
DDP Seoul – Zaha Hadid Korean Building
Design: Zaha Hadid Architects
The 85,000 square metre Dongdaemun Design Plaza will establish a learning resource for designers and members of the public with a design museum, library and educational facilities, whilst the 30,000 square metre Park will create a green oasis within the dense urban surroundings of Dongdaemun, Seoul.
Photographs from DDP Groundbreaking Ceremony on 28 April 2009:
“A fundamental aim of the scheme is to bring delight and inspiration to the people of Seoul by establishing a cultural hub in the centre of one of the busiest and most historic districts of the city” says Zaha Hadid. “The design has been governed by the belief that architecture must enable people to think beyond existing boundaries to reach innovative design solutions. This combined investment in education and research, together with the city’s public cultural programmes will inspire new generations of designers, helping to maintain Korean industry’s reputation as a leader in innovation.”
The form of the Dongdaemun Design Plaza and Park revolves around the ancient city wall, which forms the central element of the composition, creating a continuous landscape that physically links the park and plaza together. The fluid language of the design, by inference and analogy, acts as a catalyst by promoting fluid thinking and interaction across all the design disciplines, whilst also encouraging the greatest degree of interaction between the activities of the Plaza and the public.
The new Dongdaemun Park creates a place for leisure, relaxation, and refuge. The design integrates the Park and Plaza seamlessly as one landscape element, blurring the boundary between architecture and nature. Informed by the Korean painting traditions depicting grand visions of the ever-changing aspects of nature, the Park reinterprets elements of traditional Korean garden design: reflecting pools, lotus ponds, pebble beds and bamboo groves, with no single feature dominating the perspective.
Photographs from Groundbreaking Ceremony 28 April 2009:
The external landscape of the Park transforms Seoul into a greener city by folding into the internal shopping/dining areas below. Numerous voids, undulations and depressions give park visitors glimpses into innovative world of design and allow Dongdaemun Design Plaza and Park to be an important link between the city’s contemporary culture, historic artefacts and emerging nature.
Previously – 22 Apr 2008
Construction begins on the Dongdaemun Design Park and Plaza, Seoul, Korea by Zaha Hadid Architects
Zaha Hadid and Patrik Schumacher joined the Mayor of Seoul, Sei-Hoon Oh, on 28 April for the groundbreaking ceremonies of the Dongdaemun Design Park and Plaza in the centre of Seoul, Korea.
DONGDAEMUN DESIGN PARK AND PLAZA [SEOUL, KOREA] 2007 – tbc
Program: Park and Design Complex for Central Seoul
Architect: Zaha Hadid Architects
Design Zaha Hadid with Patrik Schumacher
Project Leader: Eddie Can
Project Manager: Craig Kiner
Project Team: Kaloyan Erevinov, Martin Self, Hooman Talebi, Carlos S. Martinez,
Camiel Weijenberg, Florian Goscheff, Maaike Hawinkels, Aditya Chandra,
Andy Chang, Arianna Russo, Ayat Fadaifard, Josias Hamid, Shuojiong
Zhang, Natalie Koerner, Jae Yoon Lee
Competition Team: Kaloyan Erevinov, Paloma Gormley, Hee Seung Lee, Kelly Lee
Andres Madrid, Deniz Manisali, Kevin McClellan, Claus Voigtmann,
Consultants: Structural Engineer: ARUP
Services Engineer: ARUP
Lighting Consultant: ARUP
Acoustics Consultant: ARUP
Landscape Architect: Gross Max
Facade Consultant: Group 5F
Geometry Consultant: Evolute
Quantity Surveyor: Davis Langdon & Everest
Local Architects: Samoo Architects and Engineers
Size / Area: Building 85,000 m2
Site 65,000 m2
Park 30,000 m2
Address: 281 Eulji-ro, Jung-gu, Seoul, South Korea
Phone: +82 2-2153-0000
Location: 281 Eulji-ro, Jung-gu, Seoul, South Korea, East Asia
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Comments / photos for the Dongdaemun Design Plaza Korea Architecture page welcome
Website: Dongdaemun Design Plaza Seoul