Nicholas Hawksmoor Architect, English Church Building Photos, Religious Design Projects England, Pictures
Nicholas Hawksmoor Architect : Church Architecture
18th Century English Architecture Practice, London, UK
post updated 20 Apr 2021
Major Nicholas Hawksmoor Building
Christ Church, Spitalfields, east London, England, UK
Date built: 1715-29
Design: Nicholas Hawksmoor, Architect
photo © AW
Christ Church Spitalfields : major London church building
Christ Church was built between the years 1714 and 1729 as part of the church building programme initiated by the Fifty New Churches act of 1711, backed by Queen Anne, which was implemented by four different Commissions.
At the time, there were fears that ‘godless thousands’ outside the City of London had no adequate church provision, and that non-conformists – including large numbers of French Huguenot silk weavers – were moving into Spitalfields and bringing their non-conformist worshipping ways with them.
The Commission appointed to build the 50 new churches stipulated that the new buildings should have tall spires so that they would tower above the smaller, non-conformist chapels! The idea was to fund the work through taxes on coal coming into London, although monies ran low in about 1719 and building progressed fitfully.
Key Nicholas Hawksmoor Architecture
Nicholas Hawksmoor Buildings
St George’s Church, Bloomsbury, central-north London, England, UK
Date built: 1716-30
This building was restored in 2006
Design: Molyneux Kerr Architects
St Mary Woolnoth, City of London
Date built: 1716-24
photo © Adrian Welch
St Mary Woolnoth
St. Mary Woolnoth is an Anglican church in the City of London, located on the corner of Lombard Street and King William Street near Bank junction. The present building is one of the Queen Anne Churches. The present building is at least the third church on the site. It is considered one of his most distinctive and original designs by this architect. It is the architect’s only City of London church. Its unusually imposing façade, in English Baroque style, is dominated by two flat-topped turrets supported by columns of the Corinthian order, which are used throughout the church.
Easton Neston, Northamptonshire, central England, UK
Dates built: 1695-1702/10
photograph from RIBA
Easton Neston is one of the finest country houses in England, designed by the architect with an adjacent wing by Christopher Wren. Refurbished by Ptolemy Dean Architects.
St. George-in-the-East, Wapping, Stepney, East London, England
Dates built: 1714-29
St Alfege’s Church, Greenwich, southeast London, England
St Anne’s Limehouse, east London, England
Dates built: 1727
St Anne’s Limehouse is an Anglican Church in Limehouse, in the London Borough of Tower Hamlets. It was consecrated in 1730, one of the twelve churches built through the 1711 Act of Parliament.
The building was designed as one of twelve churches built to serve the needs of the rapidly expanding population of London in the 18th century. The scheme never met its original target, but those built were also known as the Queen Anne Churches.
Westminster Abbey – west towers, Whitehall, Westminster, central London, SW1
photo © Nick Weall
Westminster Abbey Building
Grade I Listed
More Nicholas Hawksmoor buildings online soon
Nicholas Hawksmoor – Key Roles
Hawksmoor worked with Christopher Wren on the following buildings:-
Hampton Court Palace
St Paul’s Cathedral
– Clerk of Works on Kensington Palace
– Deputy Surveyor of Works at Greenwich
– Surveyor of Works at Westminster Abbey from 1723 after Christopher Wren
The architect worked for John Vanbrugh on the following buildings:-
Blenheim Palace (later working direct)
Other Nicholas Hawksmoor Buildings
All Souls College Oxford: Codrington Library + new buildings
Clarendon Building, Oxford
Ockham House remodelling
Queen’s College Oxford : High Street Screen
Worcester College buildings
More architecture projects by this British architect online soon
Location: London, England, UK
Historic English Architect Practice Information
Nicholas Hawksmoor – the Architect
London churches : major historic buildings in the UK capital city
Hawksmoor is regarded by most people as being one of England’s greatest architects alongside Sir Christopher Wren and Sir John Vanbrugh.
Nicholas was born in Nottinghamshire. Early in his career he worked for Christopher Wren. Later he worked as an architect for John Vanbrugh on Castle Howard in 1699 and then Blenheim Palace, both in England.
The Nicholas Hawksmoor style was more robust and stark than Wren’s delicate and ornate tradition. St George’s Church for example is strongly articulated and seems more concerned with the modelling of form than refinement of decoration prevalent amongst many of his peers. Nicholas was in my view a very bold and talented figure and deserves to be better known amongst non-architects.
London Architectural Designs
London Architecture Designs – chronological list
London Architecture Designs – architectural selection below:
60 Aldgate, Minories, City of London
Design: ACME, Architects
image courtesy of architects practice
60 Aldgate Building News
Buildings / photos for the Nicholas Hawksmoor Architect – 17th and 18th Century British Church Designer page welcome