Sauna Estonia, West Estonian Building Design, Hot Room Architecture, Vapour Bath

Semi-autonomous sauna, Estonia

Semi-autonomous sauna design by Architectural Bureau Pluss Architects

1 Sep 2011

Semi-autonomous sauna

Location: western Estonia, east Europe

Design: Architectural Bureau Pluss, Estonia

Sauna in Estonia

It sometimes happens that houses are located by the sea. Often these houses include a sauna in this part of the world.

The ‘heart’ of the sauna, hot room (also known as vapour bath or steam room), might also stand apart from the dwelling. The current hot room takes this to the extreme: from the inside, a maximum view of the sea, and from the outside, a minimal visual impact.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

This was the result of a common wish of both the client and the architects to explore and test the limits of this ancient and vital function in this region – not to forget the functionality while playing with form.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

Many characteristics of the completed structure would not do shame to „real“ houses either. Glass walls allow the transformation of solar energy into heat, which the stone floor and multi-layered glass in turn help maintain.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

This is enough to keep the interior (on sunny days at least) at ca 30 degrees above the exterior temperature throughout the year. The firewood need, to reach the temperature required for hot sessions, is taken to the minimum.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

The special construction of the main door as well as that of the stove secure sufficient ventilation. The hot room with load bearing walls out of glass is in many ways experimental. In the designing process, first the obstacles were eliminated that allegedly made it impossible to build, thereafter various technical specialists were incorporated to find solutions that would make it buildable nonetheless, and finally the structure was designed and actually constructed.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

The initial idea and hope the architects had with regard to the functionality of such a project has indeed proved achievable in reality.

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia building

Semi-autonomous sauna Estonia – Building Information

Title: Semi-autonomous sauna
Architects: Indrek Allmann and Tarmo Miller
Location: western Estonia
Concept: 2007
Completed: 2011
Surface area: 7m²

Semi-autonomous sauna information from Arhitektuuribüroo Pluss OÜ

Semi-autonomous sauna images from FD

Location: Estonia, East Europe

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