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Parliament Architecture : Buildings

Major Government Architectural Projects from around the World

post updated 31 August 2021

Latest Parliament Building Designs

10 Jan 2013
New Iraqi Parliament Complex – Architecture Competition, Iraq
Design: Assemblage, Architects
New Iraqi Parliament Complex
image from architects practice
Iraq Parliament Building
Assemblage has won the international architecture competition for the design of the new Iraqi parliament complex in Baghdad. The $1Bn USD project includes a large complex of buildings in addition to the parliamentary chambers, and a masterplan for the adjacent part of the city. The London-based architects succeeded against over 130 international architectural companies competing for the prestigious project, winning 1st prize of $250,000 USD.

28 Mar 2011
Open Parliament of Albania, Tirana, Albania, Southeast Europe
Albanian Parliament Building
Albania Parliament Tirana
As the future political center of the Albanian Republic, the Open Parliament of Albania creates an outstanding architectural landmark in one of the main parts of Tirana’s urban fabric. Situated along the compositional axis of the city, it is located in vicinity to the major governmental institutions. The design for the Open Parliament of Albania relies on three main ideas.

Major Parliament Building

The European Parliament, Strasbourg, France
Date built: 1999
Design: AS.Architecture-Studio
European Parliament building
picture from architects
European Parliament Strasbourg
Hemicycle and offices for the Head Office of the European Parliament including a hemicycle of 750 seats, 1133 offices for the members of Parliament, 18 commission halls of 50 to 350 seats, catering centre and services. The architecture is a metaphor of the European Culture ongoing and its history, and of the democratic institutions carrying it.
The edifice expresses the foundations of the Western civilization: Classicism and Baroque, from Galileo’s to Kepler’s ellipse, the transition from a central geometrical structure (Galileo) to the anamorphosis (Borromini) and the ellipse (Kepler, Gongora), showing the constant motion expressing the evolution of the institutions, evolving from central power to a democratic organization.

Parliament Buildings

This page lists the principal Parliamentary designs across the globe. We aim to select buildings + designs that are either of top quality or interesting or ideally both.

We cover completed Parliamentary buildings, new building designs, architectural exhibitions and design competitions. We focus is on contemporary buildings but information on traditional buildings is also welcome.

Key Parliamentary + Assembly Architecture Projects, alphabetical:

The Beehive – New Zealand Parliament Building Executive Wing
Date built: 1981
Design: Basil Spence architect ; NZ Government designers
New Zealand Beehive
photo © Adrian Welch
New Zealand Parliament Building

Christiansborg Slot, Copenhagen, Denmark
Date built: –
Design: –
Christiansborg Slot Denmark
photograph © AJW
Danish Parliament Building

Houses of Parliament, London, UK
Date built: 1868
Design: Barry + Pugin
Houses of Parliament London
image © webbaviation
Houses of Parliament London : Gothic Architecture

Scottish Parliament Building, Scotland, UK
Date built: 2004
Design: EMBT / RMJM
Scottish Parliament building
photo © Adrian Welch
Scottish Parliament Building

Welsh National Assembly, Cardiff, Wales
Date built: 2006
Design: Richard Rogers Partnership (practice retitled as RSHP)
Welsh National Assembly
picture © Katsuisha Kida
National Assembly for Wales

More Parliament Architecture online soon

Parliament Building Designs

Other Parliaments + Assemblies – no images/links, alphabetical:

German Parliament building, central west Berlin, Germany

Foster + Partners

Kuwait National Assembly Building, Kuwait
Architect: Jørn Utzon

National Assembly, Dacca, Bangladesh
Louis Kahn
aka Jatiyo Sangshad Bhaban, Dhaka

Sami Parliament Building, Lapland, Norway
Halvorsen & Sundby

Sri Lankan Parliament Buildings, Kotte, Sri Lanka
Geoffrey Bawa

Vietnam Parliament Building, Hanoi, Vietnam
Von Gerkan, Marg + Partners
Architecture Competition win

Council of Europe Strasbourg

Maison de L’UNESCO / UNESCO Building, Paris, France
Marcel Breuer & Pier Luigi Nervi, Architects

United Nations Headquarters – UNO Buildings, New York, USA
Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer
UN Building New York

Scottish Parliament Architect: EMBT, Barcelona, Catalunya, Spain

Government Buildings

New Zealand Parliament Building architect : Basil Spence

Sri Lankan Parliament Building architect : Geoffrey Bawa

Buildings / photos for the Contemporary Parliament Architecture page welcome

Website: Parliaments