World Horticultural Expo Pavilion China, Qingdao Building, Project News
World Horticultural Expo Pavilion Qingdao, China : Buildings
Theme Pavilion Qingdao Development design by UNStudio / Ben van Berkel, Netherlands
15 May 2012
World Horticultural Expo Pavilion Qingdao
Date built: 2011
World Horticultural Expo Pavilion, Qingdao, China
The World Horticultural Expo 2014 will be held in Qingdao from April to October 2014 and is expected to attract 15 million international visitors. Landscape design, gardening, flowers and different types of horticulture from around the world will be exhibited during the event. The 2014 Expo aims to encourage the exchange of culture, technology and horticultural knowledge and will consist of seven different themed areas, with the Theme Pavilion located at their centre.
UNStudio’s 28,000 m2 Theme Pavilion consists of the Main Expo Hall, a Performance Hall, Conference Centre, and a Media Centre. The landscape elements, designed by Melk Landscape Architecture / Urban Design, are understood as domains in relation to the buildings they surround, as they are essentially one and form a continuous entity, softly enveloping the buildings and dissolving their connection to the ground.
The design focuses on the relationship between Science and Nature. Whilst scientific achievement serves as an inspiration, the design communicates the essential generative and structural principles of nature through architectural gesture.
In UNStudio’s design, the creation of new plant species and combining features from different plant types, is reflected in the blending of architecture and landscape. The buildings become gently absorbed in the landscape, whilst maintaining their individual identities.
The architecture of the Theme Pavilion further responds to the dominant skyline of the mountains surrounding the Masterplan by means of carefully composed roofscapes on the individual buildings. These roofs are envisioned as elevated landscaped plateaus, each addressing a different portion of the Masterplan with its inclination and terracing, providing panoramic views which extend far into the surrounding landscape.
The design for the permanent Theme Pavilion marks the focal point of the Masterplan, the place where many different elements come together, binding it together into a cohesive and balanced whole. Within the Masterplan, the pavilion incorporates multiple scales.
Firstly, it brings together and reflects the different floral gardens which are gathered around it. Furthermore, it scales the influence onto the two bodies of water extending North and South of the pavilion site. And finally, the ‘Rainbow Ribbons’, which permeate the entire surrounding landscape as pedestrian bridges, eventually come together at the essential place which gathers all the flows, colours and themes of the Expo site – the Celebration Square.
The conceptual anchor of the Chinese Rose – the symbol of the City of Qingdao – is not interpreted in the design in a literal sense, but instead is incorporated based on its performative qualities. The blooming flower develops from a bud of small petals, tightly packed together into a rich texture, which then springs in growth from the center outward as the petals form a mature bloom. A natural rule of growth is therefore embedded into the design and organisation of the buildings, reflecting the principles of nature.
World Horticultural Expo Pavilion Qingdao – Building Information
Title: Qingdao World Horticultural Expo Theme Pavilion, Qingdao, 2011
Client: Office of 2014 Qingdao World Horticultural Expo Executive Committee
Location: Qingdao, China
Building surface: 35.000m2
Building volume: 168.000m3
Building site: 35.000m2
Programme: Main Expo Pavilion including Expo Hall, Grand Theater, Conference Center and Media Hub with integrated Landscape Design
Status: Competition 1st prize
UNStudio: Ben van Berkel, Gerard Loozekoot, Hannes Pfau with Jörg Petri and Milena Stopic, Maud van Hees, Shu Yan Chan, Qiyuan Ding, Phillip Mecke, Xing Xiong, Junjie Yan, Nanang Santoso, Amanda Chan
Structure: Arup, Amsterdam
MEP & Sustainability: Arup, Hong Kong
Landscape Architect: !melk landscape architecture PC, New York
Theater Advisor: Theateradvies bv, Amsterdam
Visualisations: Methanoia, Buenos Aires
World Horticultural Expo Pavilion Qingdao images / information from UNStudio
UN Studio Architects, The Netherlands
Location: Qingdao, China
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