Bauhaus Movement, Post-war Buildings, German Modern Architecture Design, 20C Chairs

Bauhaus inspired architecture and furniture

Modernist Architecture Article – 20th Century Built Environment + The International Style

Dec 1, 2019

Bauhaus Inspired Architecture Furniture
Barcelona chair, designed by Mies Van Der Rohe (1929), photograph courtesy of Iconic Interiors

Bauhaus inspired architecture – blending industry and art for function and grace

The Bauhaus movement is both a major milestone in the history of design and a timeless inspiration for architecture and furniture. This movement achieved what some might see as an oxymoron. It asserted that industry (including technology and machines) and art belong together. Bauhaus devotees believed that the moulding of the two could result in a thing of beauty.

Truth in design and substance

From the Bauhaus Movement comes a design principle that buildings or furniture can be highly practical in function, using a core form without edifice or ornament, but can still be visually pleasing. Central to the Bauhaus design ethos is “truth to materials”. This refers to using construction materials in their truest and most ‘honest’ way. For example, having steel structures exposed rather than covered over, and letting their reassuring strength be part of the overall aesthetic.

Bauhaus Inspired Architecture Furniture
Le Petit confort chair, designed by Le Corbusier (1928), photograph courtesy of Iconic Interiors

What are the origins of this highly influential design concept?

How Staatliches Bauhaus came to be

The Bauhaus movement began in 1919 in Germany, when architect Walter Gropius founded a school that combined both crafts and fine art. Incidentally, “Bauhaus” comes from the German “hausbau,” meaning “building house”.

It was the end of World War I and rebuilding was underway. Gropius and his early converts were keen to support the process with creativity. For this to happen, they believed it was necessary to bring together a previously divergent range of fields, such as architecture, geometric design, craftsmanship and the arts. It was based on ‘gesamtkunstwerk’, the idea of one total work of art, combining many different forms and influences.

Over the following years, the school and movement created designs that could be ‘mass-produced’ to meet the needs of the time, designing both properties and furniture items that could be produced on a grand scale.

This visionary moulding together of industrial design and fine art, attracted top designers to the Bauhaus movement, such as

Le Corbusier, Mies Van der Rohe, Eileen Gray,, Florence Bassett Knoll and Marcel Breuer.

Under pressure from the Nazis, the design school was forced to close its doors in the 1930s. It’s creative pulse lives on.

Bauhaus legacy

In terms of furniture, the imprint of the Bauhaus Movement is profound. It can be seen in beautiful pieces that have their steel frames and other support structures fully exposed. Other design features are often softer, but equally bold. They are one true representation of the best of everything, reliable yet often whimsical.

This results in tables, chairs and sofas which blend reassuring practicality – and an ‘industrial’ style – with a pleasurable degree of comfort.

Article supplied by Iconic Interiors and written by Mark Holdsworth, the home of Bauhaus Furniture

Modern Architecture – Major Modernist Buildings

Post-war Architecture
High & Over House England
photo : Morley von Sternberg
Post-war Architecture

Modern buildings

Boston City Hall, Boston, Massachusetts (architects: Kallmann, McKinnell, & Knowles);
Boston City Hall
photo © Naquib Hossain/Dotproduct Photography
Boston City Hall Building

Sidi Harazem Thermal Bath Complex, Sidi Harazem, Morocco (architect: Jean-François Zevaco);
Sidi Harazem Thermal Bath Complex
Image © Frac Centre-Val de Loire Collection.
Sidi Harazem Thermal Bath Complex Building

Bauhaus Building One of Twelve Recipients of Getty Fou3ndation’s Keeping It Modern Grants
Bauhaus Dessau building - Bauhaus inspired architecture and furniture
photo © Bauhaus Dessau Foundation, photo © Yvonne Tenschert

Getty Foundation Keeping it Modern 2017 Grants
Villa E-1027, Cap Moderne
Villa E-1027, Cap Moderne, photograph Manuel Bougot 2016

Lake Shore Drive Towers, Chicago

Child of the Sun Buildings, Florida

High and Over House – one of the first Modern houses in England

Miller House, USA

Modern Architects

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