Vitra Fire Station, Weil am Rhein Emergency building, Modern Southern Germany architecture, Bavarian factory fire station

Vitra Fire Station, Germany

German Emergency Service Building design by Zaha Hadid Architects, UK.

post updated 23 September 2023

Design: Zaha Hadid Architects

Location: Weil am Rhein, Germany

Vitra Fire Station 1

Photos by Christian Richters

6 February 2014

From Zaha Hadid Architects

Weil am Rhein Fire Station

ZHA initiated the design with a study of the overall factory site. Our intention was to place the elements of our commission in such a way that they would not be lost between the enormous factory sheds. We also used these elements to structure the whole site, giving identity and rhythm to the main street running through the complex.

This street – which stretches from the chair museum to the other end of the factory site, where the fire station is now located, was envisaged as a linear landscaped zone, almost as if it were the artificial extension of the linear patterns of the adjacent agricultural fields and vineyards. Thus, rather than designing the building as an isolated object, it was developed as the outer edge of the landscaped zone: defining space rather than occupying space. This was achieved by stretching the programme into a long, narrow building alongside the street which marks the edge of the factory site, and which also functions as a screening device against the bordering buildings.

Vitra Fire Station 2

The space-defining and screening functions of the building were the point of departure for the development of the architectural concept: a linear, layered series of walls. The programme of the firestation inhabits the spaces between these walls, which puncture, tilt and break according to functional requirements. The building is hermetic from a frontal reading, revealing the interiors only from a perpendicular viewpoint.

Vitra Fire Station 3

As one passes across the spaces of the firestation, one catches glimpses of the large red fire engines. Their lines of movement are inscribed into the asphalt. Similarly, the ritualized exercises of the firemen will be inscribed into the ground; a series of choreographic notations. The whole building is movement, frozen. It expresses the tension of being on the alert; and the potential to explode into action at any moment. The walls appear to slide past each other, while the large sliding doors literally form a moving wall.

Vitra Fire Station 4

The whole building is constructed of exposed, reinforced in-situ concrete. Special attention was given to the sharpness of all edges; any attachments like roof edgings or claddings were avoided as they distract from the simplicity of the prismatic form and the abstract quality of the architectural concept. This same absence of detail informed the frameless glazing, the large sliding planes enclosing the garage, and the treatment of the interior spaces including the lighting scheme. The lines of light direct the necessarily precise and fast movement through the building.

Vitra Fire Station 5

Vitra Fire Station – Building Information

Design: Zaha Hadid, Patrik Schumacher
Project Architect: Patrik Schumacher
Design Team: Simon Koumjian, Edgar Gonzalez, Kar Wha Ho, Voon Yee-Wong, Craig Kiner, Cristina Verissimo, Maria Rossi, Daniel R. Oakley, Nicola Cousins, David Gomersall, Olaf Weishaupt
Local Architect: Roland Mayer (Lorrach, Germany)

Photography: Christian Richters

Vitra Fire Station images / information from Zaha Hadid Architects

Zaha Hadid – Architect’s page

Location: Weil am Rhein, southern Germany, western Europe

Southern German Buildings

Contemporary Southern Building Designs – recent architectural selection on e-architect below:

Wooden House by the Lake, Bavaria, southern Germany
Architects: Appels Architekten
Wooden House by the Lake Bavaria Germany
photo © Florian Holzherr
Wooden House by the Lake, Bavaria

Baramundi Headquarters, Augsburg, Bavaria, southern Germany
Architects: HENN
Baramundi Headquarters Augsburg Bavaria - German Architecture News
photo : Laurian Ghinitoiu
Baramundi Headquarters Augsburg

Möglhof Athlete Center, Bavaria, southern Germany
Interior design: MALLUVIA innenarchitektur
Möglhof Athlete Center Rimsting Bavaria- German Architecture News
photo : Jonathan Sage Photography
Möglhof Athlete Center, Rimsting Bavaria

Architecture in Germany

German Architecture

German Architectural Designs – chronological list

German Building News

German Buildings

German Architect Studios

Mies van der Rohe

The Nebra Ark

Wuensdorf Church

Dupli Casa

Leonardo Glass Cube


Comments / photos for the Vitra Fire Station Germany Building design by Zaha Hadid Architects (ZHA), London, UK, page welcome.