WOHA Architects Exhibition Images, Skyscraper Museum Building Show, Design Studio Projects


The Skyscraper Museum Exhibition for Singapore Architectural Practice, Southeast Asia

Garden City Mega City exhibition 2018

Garden City | Mega City Exhibition in Austin, Texas, USA
image courtesy of architects

21 Feb 2018

Garden City | Mega City Exhibition in Austin, Texas, USA

WOHA are excited to announce the opening of our “Garden City Mega City” exhibition, in collaboration with the Austin Central Library and the Austin Parks Foundation.

The exhibition highlights sixteen of the architectural studio’s built and unbuilt projects which embody their vision of how cities should evolve in the 21 st Century toward a more sustainable future.

The Opening Reception will take place on Tuesday, February 27, 1800 – 2000 hrs.

1 Mar + 28 Feb 2017

Garden City | Mega City Exhibition by WOHA

Garden City Mega City exhibition travels to Mexico City, 12 March – 16 April 2017




Singapore-based WOHA’s first major exhibition in Mexico, the show presents architectural models, videos and renderings of twelve stunning, sustainable high-rise projects in Singapore, Thailand, and China.

Singapore-based architects WOHA announce their first exhibition in Latin America, GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY: Ecosistemas Urbanos de WOHA, opening at the Museum of the City of Mexico on March 12 2017.

Parkroyal On Pickering Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall

The architecture of WOHA introduces biodiversity and lively public spaces to overcrowded megacities with climate sensitive design and vertical urban strategies. The architects showcase experimental prototypes for responding to climate change vulnerability and social challenges in the rapidly urbanizing tropics.

The multimedia exhibit presents over two decades of WOHA’s award-winning international design. Sixteen intricate architectural models illustrate design strategies for a three-dimensional city; projected skywards to relieve urban congestion. An immersive video installation propels visitors on an experiential journey through WOHA’s towering garden cities, which appear as oases of green in dialogue with the dense urban fabric of Singapore. Drawings and large scale photography are supported by interviews with residents and stakeholders, who explain how WOHA’s “high-density high-amenity” design can improve their everyday life.

Parkroyal On Pickering Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall

WOHA design their buildings as “cities within cities” that redefine architectural scale for the megalopolis. The exhibition introduces “Macro Architecture Micro Urbanism” to Mexico City — the largest metropolitan agglomeration in the Americas — as a novel way to look at holistic design at different scales. Despite the scale of their urban habitats, WOHA utilize clever design strategies to domesticate the mega structures. Sky villages and verdant parks form intimate and attractive public spaces across multiple ground levels; a breathing architecture of porous facades and lush vertical landscapes ensures comfortable habitats for all city dwellers — humans and wildlife alike.

WOHA have already shifted urban paradigms in Asia and see similarities in climate and the expanding megacities in Latin America. With this exhibition they begin a dialogue on the applicability of their architectural strategies to the region, sharing their typologies as ideas for architects, designers, and engineers, as well as developers and investors — all those concerned with the future of the Latin American city.

GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY is part of the Mextrópoli International Festival of Architecture and Urbanism (11 – 14 March 2017). An opening reception will be held Sunday, March 12 at 12:30 pm at the Museum of the City of Mexico (Museo de la Ciudad de Mexico), 30 Pino Suarez Street, Mexico City. The exhibition will run until April 16 2017.

PARKROYAL on Pickering, Singapore:
PARKROYAL on Pickering, Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall

For over two decades, the 75-person firm has reinterpreted the skyscraper as a prototype for hyper-dense, green urban living. Their award-winning mega-scale works of diverse programs are recognized for integrating 3-dimensional planning, sky gardens, high-density high-amenity living, horizontal and vertical breezeways, screens of green, and topographic architecture.

In July 2016, WOHA’s fifth book, Garden City Mega City, was published by Pesaro Publishing (London).

A main feature of the exhibition is WOHA’s self-generated social and ecological rating system which assesses and measures projects based on their Green Plot Ratio, Community Plot Ratio, Civic Generosity Index, Ecosystem Contribution Index, and Self-Sufficiency Index.

12 Sep 2016

Garden City | Mega City Exhibition

Closing Soon: Garden City | Mega City on view through Sunday, Sept 18

On View Through Sunday, September 18, 2016

Garden City | Mega City: rethinking cities for the age of global warming

The Skyscraper Museum, 39 Battery Place, New York City, NY, USA

Open Wednesday – Sunday, 12-6pm

Can’t see the exhibition in person? Watch this interview with WOHA’s founders Richard Hassell and Mun Summ Wong at the opening event:

Garden City Mega City – WOHA Architects from PLANE—SITE on Vimeo.

Closing Soon: Garden City | Mega City, presenting twelve high-rise ecosystems designed by WOHA, on view at The Skyscraper Museum through Sept 18.

September 12, 2016

Singapore-based WOHA’s first major exhibition in the United States, a six-month show.

The firm is currently a finalist for several international awards including the Royal Institute of British Architect’s ‘International Prize’.

Earlier this year, WOHA completed the 27-story Oasia Downtown Hotel in the heart of Singapore’s Central Business District. The $138 million, 209,000-square-foot high-rise achieves an overall Green Plot Ratio of 1110%, a Community Plot Ratio of 300%, a Civic Generosity Index of 100%, an Ecosystem Contribution Index of 60%, and a Self-Sufficiency Index of 60%.


21 Mar 2016


GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY: Rethinking Cities for the Age of Global

Warming opens at The Skyscraper Museum on March 23rd, 2016

The exhibition showcases WOHA’s architecture for high-density, high-amenity living.

Permeable Lattice City, Singapore:
Permeable Lattice City, Singapore
image : WOHA

NEW YORK, NEW YORK—From commercial mixed-use to hospitality and social housing, Singapore-based WOHA reinterprets the skyscraper as a prototype for hyper-dense, green urban living. Their first major exhibition in the United States, GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY, opens March 23rd, 2016 at The Skyscraper Museum, and unveils twelve of their most recent vertical ecosystems.

Featuring architectural models, videos and renderings, the show contextualizes the firm’s towering endeavors as a stunning contribution to skyscraper design and a radical response to the Asian megacity. WOHA’s projects—in China, Bangkok, and Singapore, among others—address issues such as rampant population growth, preservation of tropical biodiversity, and the desire for lively community spaces.

With airy pathways functioning like living social networks and porous façades of tropical vegetation, GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY makes the challenges of the emerging metropolis feel less like structural hurdles and more like stimuli for creative solutions. At a time of climbing urbanization rates and alarming climate change, WOHA’s future prospects for vertical villages serve as an enlightening template for architects, designers, and engineers, as well as developers and investors —all those concerned with the future of our cities.

An opening reception for GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY will be held Tuesday, March 22nd from 6:00-8:00 pm at The Skyscraper Museum, 39 Battery Place, New York City. Regular museum hours are 12:00-6:00 pm, Wednesday-Sunday. General admission is $5, $2.50 for students and seniors.


Founded in 1996, The Skyscraper Museum is a private, not-for-profit, educational corporation devoted to the study of high-rise buildings, past, present, and future. Through exhibitions, programs and publications, the museum explores tall buildings as objects of design, products of technology, sites of construction, investments in real estate, and places of work and residence.

GARDEN CITY MEGA CITY Exhibition at The Skyscraper Museum


Duxton Plain
Singapore, 2001

Duxton Plain, Singapore
image : WOHA

A thorough exploration into high-density living in a high-rise tropical environment, WOHA’s proposal for the Duxton Plain public housing competition conceptualized a new vision for Singaporean public housing. In return for subsidized housing, a higher degree of community exposure —built into the block’s typology, external spaces and circulation paths—was proposed to promote social interaction. At city level, a strong image on the skyline of the cluster of towers with hanging gardens was proposed. At the neighborhood level, a strong street edge was created with commercial activities close to the popular Duxton Plain Park.

Oasia Downtown
Singapore, 2011-16
Oasia Downtown, Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall

A verdant tower of green in the heart of Singapore’s dense Central Business District, Oasia Downtown is a prototype of land use intensification with a tropical approach. Instead of a fully glazed and air-conditioned building, the tower contains three well-ventilated atria surrounded by L-shaped blocks of hotel rooms and o!ces. These provide naturally cross ventilated spaces and dynamic internal views. Each elevated ground level is treated as an urban scale veranda, sheltered by the one above. Landscaping forms a major part of the development’s material palette, creating an alternative image that is distinct from the surrounding curtain-walled towers of the CBD.

PARKROYAL on Pickering
Singapore, 2007-13

PARKROYAL on Pickering, Singapore building
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall

Based on the concept of a hotel-and-office-in-a-garden, PARKROYAL on Pickering investigates the potential of green intensification in a dense metropolis and transforms the abstract building-as-silhouette into one with rich detail and tactility. Its topographic architecture podium is designed as a land form for landscape that extends the green of the adjacent public park vertically into the building as one continuous sweep of urban parkland. Facilitating the public life of the city, the building’s porte-cochere opens up as a gateway that physically and visually links Singapore’s business and historical districts.

Sky Forest City Tower
Singapore, 2015

Sky Forest City Tower, Singapore
image : WOHA

In contrast to the typical skyscrapers of Singapore’s downtown, the Sky Forest City Tower is a highly dense and vertical mixed use development that reiterates a human scale over the full height of the building. Conceived as a rock with planted waterfall crevices, the podium adopts a horizontal expression with layered stratums of programmes, complemented by an office tower with its height accentuated by vertical planter poles. A hawker center within the podium provides a spaces cooled by cross-ventilation and large ceiling fans, and enclosed by vegetation. Breezes are drawn through the tower, rising through a hollow central core to cool the stack of o!ces.

Sky Resort Hotel
Singapore, 2015

Sky Resort Hotel, Singapore
image : WOHA

A new prototype for hospitality high-rise projects, this urban hotel combines ways to intensify land use and integrate tropical thermodynamic approaches. Four distinct strata are designed to provide hotel guests with multiple ground levels of amenities and recreational spaces. All guest rooms are configured in L-shaped blocks that have naturally ventilated corridors, located around three open-sided atria that facilitate cross ventilation, day lighting and internal views.
Large living columns of tropical creepers are juxtaposed against the mass of the towers, creating human-scaled spaces that render the urban hotel with a touch of resort.

SkyVille @ Dawson
Singapore, 2007-2015

SkyVille @ Dawson, Singapore
image : Terence Chew

SkyVille @ Dawson is a public housing project that addresses the themes of community, variety and sustainability. Three 47-storey towers are designed with breezeway atria that are cooled and ventilated by horizontal and vertical breezeways. Every dwelling unit belongs to a ‘Sky Village’ that comprises 80 homes. A total of 12 villages are stacked in four layers across the 3 inter-connected blocks. To maintain a sense of human scale, every village shares community spaces and a communal terrace. A publicly accessible park on the roof, and extensive public parkland at ground level, further contributes to the high-density high-amenity development

Stacked Garden Boutique Offices
Singapore, 2015

Stacked Garden Boutique Offices, Singapore
image : WOHA

Maximizing its small site area and building height limit, this tropical high-rise’s work spaces are expressed as seven glass volumes with lobbies and terraces. Each stack is comprised by o!ce suites surrounded on three sides by gardens that can be adapted to include a variety of landscape features, informal break out areas and formal event spaces that support a creative working environment. An exoskeletal structural approach results in column-free interiors and integrates environmental filters into the facade in the form of full height trellis and louvers supporting creepers. The tower harvests renewable energy through photovoltaic panels and the use of heat assisted stack turbines.

The Met
Bangkok, Thailand, 2003-09

The Met, Bangkok, Thailand
image : Kirsten Bucher

Offering a new model for high-density tropical housing in dense Asian cities, The Met is a prototype of a naturally ventilated, perforated, indoor-outdoor, green tower that is a sustainable alternative to sealed, glazed curtain wall buildings in the tropics. Six 69-storey Breezeway Towers are placed on a staggered plan, with horizontal and vertical breezeways facilitating cross ventilation and daylight penetration through the blocks. All apartments are designed as one-unit-thick, making tropical living without air-conditioning possible.

Tropical Urban Business Park
Penang, Malaysia, 2014

Tropical Urban Business Park, Penang, Malaysia
image : WOHA

Located within the land scarce and highly built-up island of Penang, the Tropical Urban Business Park is an extremely high density mixed use development that dfferentiates itself through its vertical greenery and public spaces. A massive Sky Park shelters a mix of apartments, o!ces, recreation areas and shopping malls. Every component is visually and socially interconnected, so that the entire minicity complex possesses a neighbourhood-style vibrancy.

Vanke Cloud City
Shenzhen, China, 2014

Vanke Cloud City, Shenzhen, China
image : WOHA

Inspired by the natural mountain parks in Shenzhen, Vanke Cloud City is designed with twelve “floating hills” that connect three office towers configured around a centralized core.
Accommodating amenities for workers, the hills serve as the refuge and lift transfer floors of the tower. Designed as large internal atria with pockets of cascading sky gardens and planted waterfall valleys, the hills function as naturally ventilated outdoor spaces that are shielded from the wind and rain. This opens up the common lift lobby areas to daylight, greenery and fresh air, creating a comfortable micro climate and biophilic working environment within the tropical high-rise.

Permeable Lattice City
Singapore, 2011

For the Vertical Cities Asia program organized by the National University of Singapore (NUS), WOHA envisioned a vertical city with a modular arrangement in a staggered alignment to create a high degree of perforation and porosity resulting in cross-ventilated breezeways at city scale.
These “City Columns” free up the real ground level for nature reserves and heavy industries, and are held together structurally by a network of “City Conduits” that serve as elevated ground levels. They are connected by “City Community Spaces” and multi-cabin lifts and circulation systems that map out a fully pedestrianized city, encouraging a highly sustainable and livable city.

Vertical Stacked City
Shenzhen, China, 2014

Vertical Stacked City, Shenzhen, China
image : WOHA

As the new city of Shenzhen in southern China has no historic urban grain or pattern of settlement, the Vertical Stacked City sets out to create a sense of sociable street-life by stacking finescaled community clusters of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) between urban-scaled stacks of corporate offices at Multiple Ground Levels.
Instead of a typical enclosed shopping mall, the Vertical Stacked City rises above a collection of individual shops within a ground level urban plaza, sheltered by the tower above. Comprising a mixture of home o!ces, small o!ces, and cafes, these naturally ventilated villages aim to recreate the street-life of the crowded precincts of traditional Chinese cities.


WOHA architects

WOHA architects

WOHA Singapore

In 1994, architects Wong Mun Summ and Richard Hassell founded Singapore-based WOHA. As one
of Southeast Asia’s preeminent architectural o!ces, WOHA integrates environmental principles
at every stage of the design process. Their strategies champion biodiversity, sustainability, and
the local vernacular to design responsive building solutions for the city of tomorrow. The firm’s
awareness of context and tradition is intertwined with an ongoing exploration of contemporary
architectural questions, uniquely fusing practicality and invention.

WOHA’s architectural repertoire—throughout Southeast Asia, China, and Australia—ranges
from residential towers and hotels to transportation hubs and public institutions. Their designs
reconfigure the elements of a building, breathing smart design into the dense landscape of the
megacity. WOHA’s blueprint for sustainable development imagines a biophilic future where
towering structures evolve in harmony with native ecosystems and urban communities.

Underscoring WOHA’s contributions to the advancement of architecture, the practice has
received numerous international awards, including the International Highrise Award (2010), the
prestigious Aga Khan Award for Architecture (2007), the renowned RIBA Lubetkin Prize (2011),
and most recently, the Urban Habitat Award (2015). The firm’s most acclaimed projects have been
featured in many international publications, including Tropical Energy E!cient Systems (2015),
Best Tall Buildings (2015), Green Walls in High Rise Buildings (2014), and The Phaidon Atlas of
21st Century World Architecture (2011). In 2011, a traveling exhibition devoted exclusively to their
work opened at the Deutsches Architekturmuseum in Germany. Garden City Mega City (2016)
follows the publication of four substantial monographs—WOHA: Selected Projects Vol. 1 (2011) and
Vol. 2 (2014), WOHA: Breathing Architecture (2011), and WOHA: The Architecture of WOHA (2009).

Blending practice and pedagogy, Hassell and Wong also teach at the National University
of Singapore and have lectured widely at universities around the world such as the Harvard
University Graduate School of Design, the University of Hong Kong and the University of Western

WOHA Directors:

Wong Mun Summ

Wong Mun Summ
image : WOHA

Wong Mun Summ is Founding Director of Singapore-based
WOHA, one of Southeast Asia’s best known and most awarded
architectural practices. Wong graduated with Honors from the
National University of Singapore in 1989. He has been heavily
involved in urban and civic a”airs in his native Singapore, serving
as a board member of the Urban Redevelopment Authority (URA)
from 1999 to 2005, as well as part of the Board of Architects’
Design Panel. He has also contributed to the International Design
Consultancy for the Waterfront at the Downtown at Marina Bay,
and served as a member of URA design advisory panels for major
developments throughout Singapore.

Weaving practice and pedagogy, he has mentored students
under the National University of Singapore’s Embedded Studio in
Practice program and, together with Richard Hassell, has served
as Studio Master for the University’s Integrated Sustainable Design
Masterclass since 2011. In 2015, he was appointed Professor in
Practice at the National University of Singapore.

Richard Hassell

Richard Hassell:
Richard Hassell
image : WOHA

Richard Hassell is Founding Director of WOHA Architects, formed
in partnership with Wong Mun Summ in 1994. He graduated from
the University of Western Australia in 1989 and was awarded
a Master of Architecture degree from the RMIT University,
Melbourne in 2002. Both a practicing architect and educator,
Hassell has lectured widely at various universities around the
world, and is currently an Adjunct Professor at the University of
Western Australia. Together with Wong Mun Summ, he has been
Studio Master for the National University of Singapore’s Integrated
Sustainable Design Masterclass since 2011.

Hassell is a member of Singapore’s Urban Redevelopment
Authority’s (URA) Design Advisory Committee and has been
a member of the Housing and Development Board (HDB)
Architectural Design Panel. He has served as a board member of
the Building and Construction Authority of Singapore, as well as
committees for the URA and the DesignSingapore Council.

Buildings by WOHA

Nest House
Nest House
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall
Nest House Singapore

48 North Canal Road, Singapore
48 North Canal Road Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall
48 North Canal Road

Parkroyal On Pickering, Singapore
Parkroyal On Pickering Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall
Parkroyal On Pickering

The Met Tower, Bangkok, Thailand – new info + images
Design: WOHA Architects
The Met Tower Building
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall
The Met Tower by WOHA Architects

WOHA Taichung Exhibition – Breathing Architecture, China
Breathing Architecture
image from WOHA

Recent Building Designs by WOHA

Hansar Bangkok, Thailand
Hansar Bangkok
photograph © Patrick Bingham-Hall
Hansar Bangkok

Space Asia Hub, Singapore
Space Asia Hub
photo from Space Furniture
Space Asia Hub

The Met in Bangkok
The Met Building Bangkok
photograph © Patrick Bingham-Hall
WOHA Architects : RIBA Lubetkin Prize winner 2011

Vertical Park Hotel
Vertical Park Hotel
picture from architect
Vertical Park Hotel

iluma, Singapore
iluma Singapore
photograph : Patrick Bingham-Hall
iluma Singapore

School of the Arts, Singapore
School of the Arts Singapore
photo : Patrick Bingham-Hall
School of the Arts Singapore

World Architecture Festival Awards WAF : World’s Best Learning Building, 2010 –

Alila Villas Uluwatu, Bali, Indonesia
Alila Villas
photo : Tim Griffith
Alila Villas

Moulmein residential tower, Singapore
1 Moulmein Rise
image from the architect
1 Moulmein Rise : 28 storeys

Newton Suites, Singapore
Newton Suites
image: Tim Griffith
Newton Suites

Singapore Stadium MRT Station
Singapore Stadium MRT Station
photograph : Tim Griffith
Stadium MRT Station

More WOHA Architects buildings online soon

Location: Singapore

Architects Practice Information

WOHA studio based in Singapore

Singapore Architects

About WOHA

WOHA is a design practice focused on the built environment. WOHA’s philosophy is to explore the potential of culture, context, history, nature, climate, sustainability and social behaviour to evolve innovative design.

Formed in 1994 by Singaporean Wong Mun Summ and Australian Richard Hassell, the practice is based on the model of the creative industries, rather than traditional construction services. With a mix of designers from diverse backgrounds, WOHA explores integrated design for the built environment, encompassing masterplanning, architectural, landscape, interior and lighting and furniture design. WOHA has received numerous international awards for excellence in design, and has been featured in international professional publications.

Architectural Exhibitions – chronological list

Singapore Architecture Designs
OUB Center
photo © Tom Ravenscroft

Architecture Studios

Buildings / photos for the WOHA Architects page welcome

Website: woha.net