Melaku Center Ethiopian Building, Tigray Architecture, Africa Design Property Images

Melaku Center Ethiopia : Building in Tigray

New Architectural Development in east Africa design by Xavier Vilalta Architect, Spain

post updated 18 May 2021 ; 2 Oct 2009

Architect: Xavier Vilalta

Melaku Center Ethiopia building design

The Melaku Center – Tigray Building

Project developed for a Spanish Foundation working in Ethiopia, northeast Africa.

Melaku Center Ethiopia

The Melaku Center will be new center of learning, working and projection for the inhabitants of Mek’ele, capital of the Tigray, a region of the north of Ethiopia.

The building will be a reference model of sustainable development in Africa, from the design of the buildings to the program itself. The whole project will be a ecosystem of knowledge, development and natural resources.

Melaku Center Building in Tigray Ethiopia by Xavier Vilalta Architect

Geometry and architecture integration
A common parameter in the traditional African architecture is the use of the fractal scale: small parts of the structure tend to be similar to the bigger ones, for example, the circular villages are made of circular houses.

The project master-plan geometry is based in a fractal hexagonal grid that holds the different sizes of classrooms and services. The classes are organized in small groups of three or four pieces that have the shape of a flower. Understanding the climate and the vernacular architecture of Ethiopia, the exterior spaces become the corridors of the school.

Melaku Center Ethiopia Melaku Center Building

Natural ventilation
All the learning spaces have natural ventilation from both sides and the porch to access them holds the solar panels that will provide the school of electricity.

The landscape of the center will integrate local species and the students of the center will be the researchers and gardeners for the intermediate spaces.

Melaku Center Melaku Center Melaku Center

Solar energy
All the buildings of the project hold a photovoltaic panel network that will provide the center of electricity. Some of the energy produced will be send to the city.

Water reuse
All the water from rain will be collected in natural collectors and this will be used for drainaged of the gardening and for services.

Melaku Center – Building Information

Client: Angel Olarán Support Foundation
Architect: Xavier Vilalta
Design Team: Biagio Cardella, Zazie Maquet, Noelia Arquero, Reza Nik, Maria Rosaria Favoino
Structural Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Services Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Digital Imaging: Xavier Vilalta Studio
Construction start: Nov 2009

Melaku Center Ethiopia images / information from Xavier Vilalta

Xavier Vilalta Studio d ‘ Arquitectura – Melaku Center Ethiopia designers

Location: Ethiopia, Northeast Africa

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