Melaku Center, Ethiopian Building, Tigray Architecture, Africa Design, Property Images
Melaku Center Ethiopia : Building in Tigray
New Architectural Development in east Africa design by Xavier Vilalta Architect, Spain
post updated 18 May 2021 ; 2 Oct 2009
Melaku Center Ethiopia
Architect: Xavier Vilalta
The Melaku Center – Tigray Building
Project developed for a Spanish Foundation working in Ethiopia
The Melaku Center will be new center of learning, working and projection for the inhabitants of Mek’ele, capital of the Tigray, a region of the north of Ethiopia.
The building will be a reference model of sustainable development in Africa, from the design of the buildings to the program itself. The whole project will be a ecosystem of knowlegde, development and natural resources.
Geometry and architecture integration
A common parameter in the traditional African architecture is the use of the fractal scale: small parts of the structure tend to be similar to the bigger ones, for example, the circular villages are made of circular houses.
The project master-plan geometry is based in a fractal hexagonal grid that holds the different sizes of classrooms and services. The classes are organized in small groups of three or four pieces that have the shape of a flower. Understanding the climate and the vernacular architecture of Ethiopia, the exterior spaces become the corridors of the school.
All the learning spaces have natural ventilation from both sides and the porch to access them holds the solar panels that will provide the school of electricity.
The landscape of the center will integrate local species and the students of the center will be the researchers and gardeners for the intermediate spaces.
All the buildings of the project hold a photovoltaic panel network that will provide the center of electricity. Some of the energy produced will be send to the city.
All the water from rain will be collected in natural collectors and this will be used for drainaged of the gardening and for services.
Melaku Center – Building Information
Client: Angel Olarán Support Foundation
Architect: Xavier Vilalta
Design Team: Biagio Cardella, Zazie Maquet, Noelia Arquero, Reza Nik,
Maria Rosaria Favoino
Structural Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Services Engineer: AL Enginyeria
Digital Imaging: Xavier Vilalta Studio
Construction start: Nov 2009
Melaku Center Ethiopia images / information from Xavier Vilalta
Xavier Vilalta Studio d ‘ Arquitectura – Melaku Center Ethiopia designers
Location: Ethiopia, North East Africa
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photo © James Brittain
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South African Embassy, Ethiopia
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photo : MMA Architects / Paola Viessi
South African Embassy Ethiopia
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photo : Christian Richters
Netherlands Embassy Building Africa
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